Fritz Allhoff, “What Are Applied Ethics?”, Science and Engineering Ethics 17.1 (2011): 1-19.
Abstract: This paper explores the relationships that various applied ethics bear to each other, both in particular cases and more generally. §1 lays out the challenge of coming up with such an account and, drawing a parallel with the philosophy of science, offers that applied ethics may either be unified or disunified. §2 develops one simple account through which applied ethics are unified, vis-à-vis ethical theory. However, this is not taken to be a satisfying answer, for reasons explained. In §3, specific applied ethics are explored: biomedical ethics; business ethics; environmental ethics; and neuroethics. These are chosen not to be comprehensive, but rather for their traditions or other illustrative purposes. Finally, §4 draws together the results of the preceding analysis and defends a disunity conception of applied ethics.